Sunday, February 20, 2011

The Cervix Film Movie

A journey through the "corridor of hunger" in the north of Argentina

Not that the food is not enough: the food is gone. Where there was a fruit tree, now stands a clump of weeds sterile. But water also serves fish are rare and new diseases threaten, some vague and nameless, which makes them lethal.

Not that the food is not enough: the food is gone. Where there was a fruit tree, now stands a clump of weeds sterile. But water also serves fish are rare and new diseases threaten, some vague and nameless, which makes them lethal. The car just left the city of Salta Tartagal to venture towards the border with Formosa and Chaco through Provincial Route 86, south of the Pilcomayo River, a gravel road through the mud waste of the last rain. In a series of bygone images, pass the wooden huts and adobe Wichí communities that inhabit this region of the country from the beginning of time, when the forest was dense and hunger one word missing.

Now, in the area, just talking about the same. Indigenous leaders at each stop receiving envoys from Clarín say that malnutrition is killing their children and do not know what to do, that one day the children have diarrhea, another day out, then back - "hose connections are left, "says Stephen Soruco, leader of the Mission Km 6 -, and so die. But they understand the merits, the reasons for the relatively new drama that has broken pate existence. And those arguments, always brief, not find anyone to refute. To explain the death, say the horizon, a distance without forests, fields cleared and replanted.

Between late January and early February in northern Salta poor wichí eight children died from causes related to lack of food. But this drama is not exclusive to one province, but extends throughout the Chaco region, which includes the Chaco, Formosa and Salta, and this affects an entire culture. Within this corridor hungry for more than 300 square kilometers, the route traced envoys of this newspaper, live between 40 thousand (according to INDEC) and 80 000 (according to social organizations) indigenous ethnic wichí.

know how to be a nomadic people, accustomed to living from fishing, hunting and gathering, based on a balanced diet consisting of these same nutrients taken from the earth. But his eating habits were altered when the native forest disappeared, swept by the clearing of the agricultural industry, and the water-up to the same doctors who see death is confirmed, it became a trap. Now depend on welfare to move forward and what that money can buy in the larders of the city: cookies, gas, bologna. But even that is enough for the whole month, for these welfare programs, baptized Inclusion, Birth, Life, finally usually fall short.

According to the Ministry of Environment of Argentina, between 1998 and 2006 the deforested area of \u200b\u200bthe country was 2,295,567 hectares, more than 250,000 hectares per year, one hectare every two minutes. Only in the department of San Martín, province of Salta, where the eight deaths occurred due to malnutrition, until 2008 had cleared 308 000 hectares. The forestry law, enacted in 2007 and regulated in 2009, despite strong pressure legislators from northern provinces, halted the process of environmental degradation. But the damage had already been accomplished and illegal deforestation, on the other hand, continue.

The landscape, therefore, is different: plain soy planted around low concentrations of forest land in the middle of piecemeal. And among them, as refugees in the yolk of an egg, there are still communities that have not yet left their natural habitat to migrate as many of them in a lamentable exodus, to the periphery of urban centers.

"is a process of assimilation murderer to white culture, "says attorney Sara Esper, which advises communities in disputes over land tenure and introduced in 2008 a complaint for Aboriginal genocide linked to environmental degradation. "Behind that malnutrition-is-is the destruction of the ecosystem where they obtained their food. So hunger. But if the official figures speak of 26 malnourished, should be 300, because in the medical route fail. "

Way in, logging also changed the climate. The temperature is now higher and 50 degrees average summer represent normal. Under the oppressive heat, Pedro Segundo, community artisan Km 6, soybean growing states within a hundred yards from his home. "The pumpkins are stillborn, our food is not the same. In the morning we heard the noise of the planes that fumigate not know how and when the wind blows, does all this smell, we do not know what to bring. The doctors ask us to purify the water but can not always be. "

"It is really Gladys Paredes said later, the head of pediatrics at the hospital Tartagal, a few meters from a room with 12 children hospitalized for malnutrition-balanced diet collapsed, wichí entered the commercialism and took the bad of our way of life. There was a misery for more than 20 years, but remove the power and nobody can doubt that spraying the affected terribly. Today we have an increase in leukemia cases, linked to changing environmental conditions. "

Something similar explains Roque Miranda, community leader wichí Lapacho Mocho, at another point on the map. It is the ultimate authority in a group composed of 18 women, 14 men and 45 children. She is 52 years and not speak more than necessary. His breath betrays the rancid smell of chewed coca. Her son Freddy, aged seven, watch the scene with drooping eyes and will be taken to the hospital for emergency check at the end of the conversation, a way back through the route of hunger where stories of the same content is replicated on each side of the road in the geographic area most neglected Argentina. "Ten years ago we lived with what we needed," says Miranda, but then came the bulldozers and the meal is over. " The man invited to walk along the edges of the bubble minimum was mounted to the reduced space. The shade, a balm to heat northern murderer, it ends abruptly when the community leader to a field above the surface of several football fields. "In 1996-account-here had native forest, but they threw him down and seeded. Then came the disease that doctors say they do not know what they are. And we could not live more than nature, or we get honey, this whole area around us is good for more, "he says, and chewed.

case Lapacho Mocho community against employers who planted soybeans came around to the Supreme Court of the Nation in 2002, which banned the clearing in the ancestral area inhabited by these people. It was the first ruling in favor of an indigenous community in the country's highest court, which in those days had been refounded by Kirchner. But the hardship did not end. The environmental damage was not going back and entrenched poverty continued in the life of Miranda and his family.

Noon now becomes unbearable. Breathing in this land, it has become painful. It is better not to know how hot it feels. Roque sits on his legs when little Freddy and explains that it is vomiting and diarrhea. It also shows a strange outbreak that left the boy on the skin. Says doctors came to check it, but did not tell him and Freddy is the same. We will have to go fast and hectic, with a father and son in the car Clarín. The hospital will be all the more rapid still, the doctors, the eyes out of Freddy, an injection, serum, rehydration, notice of the nurse - "This guy will be boarding" - the silence of the father, the short gesture of resignation, a resignation eternal.


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